What is Google Cloud


Google Cloud Platform (GCP), offered by Google, is a suite of cloud computing services that runs on the same infrastructure that Google uses internally for its end-user products, such as Google Search, Gmail, Google Drive, and YouTube. Alongside a set of management tools, it provides a series of modular cloud services including computing, data storage, data analytics and machine learning. Registration requires a credit card or bank account details.

Google Cloud Platform provides infrastructure as a service, platform as a service, and serverless computing environments.

In April 2008, Google announced App Engine, a platform for developing and hosting web applications in Google-managed data centers, which was the first cloud computing service from the company. The service became generally available in November 2011. Since the announcement of App Engine, Google added multiple cloud services to the platform.

Google Cloud Platform is a part of Google Cloud, which includes the Google Cloud Platform public cloud infrastructure, as well as Google Workspace (G Suite), enterprise versions of Android and Chrome OS, and application programming interfaces (APIs) for machine learning and enterprise mapping services.



Conference presentation on Google Container Engine/Kubernetes
Google lists over 100 products under the Google Cloud brand. Some of the key services are listed below.

App Engine – Platform as a Service to deploy Java, PHP, Node.js, Python, C#, .Net, Ruby and Go applications.
Compute Engine – Infrastructure as a Service to run Microsoft Windows and Linux virtual machines.
Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) or GKE on-prem offered as part of Anthos platform – Containers as a Service based on Kubernetes.
Cloud Functions – Functions as a Service to run event-driven code written in Node.js, Java, Python, or Go.
Cloud Run – Compute execution environment based on Knative. Offered as Cloud Run (fully managed) or as Cloud Run for Anthos. Currently supports GCP, AWS and VMware management.

Storage & Databases

Cloud Storage – Object storage with integrated edge caching to store unstructured data.
Cloud SQL – Database as a Service based on MySQL, PostgreSQL and Microsoft SQL Server.
Cloud Bigtable – Managed NoSQL database service.
Cloud Spanner – Horizontally scalable, strongly consistent, relational database service.
Cloud Datastore – NoSQL database for web and mobile applications.
Persistent Disk – Block storage for Compute Engine virtual machines.
Cloud Memorystore – Managed in-memory data store based on Redis and Memcached.
Local SSD: High-performance, transient, local block storage.
Filestore: High-performance file storage for Google Cloud users.

Google Cloud Network Topology – External Load Balancer Architecture.png
VPC – Virtual Private Cloud for managing the software defined network of cloud resources.
Cloud Load Balancing – Software-defined, managed service for load balancing the traffic.
Cloud Armor – Web application firewall to protect workloads from DDoS attacks.
Cloud CDN – Content Delivery Network based on Google’s globally distributed edge points of presence.
Cloud Interconnect – Service to connect a data center with Google Cloud Platform
Cloud DNS – Managed, authoritative DNS service running on the same infrastructure as Google.
Network Service Tiers – Option to choose Premium vs Standard network tier for higher-performing network.
Big Data
BigQuery – Scalable, managed enterprise data warehouse for analytics.
Cloud Dataflow – Managed service based on Apache Beam for stream and batch data processing.
Cloud Dataproc – Big data platform for running Apache Hadoop and Apache Spark jobs.
Cloud Composer – Managed workflow orchestration service built on Apache Airflow.
Cloud Datalab – Tool for data exploration, analysis, visualization and machine learning. This is a fully managed Jupyter Notebook service.
Cloud Dataprep – Data service based on Trifacta to visually explore, clean, and prepare data for analysis.
Cloud Pub/Sub – Scalable event ingestion service based on message queues.
Cloud Data Studio – Business intelligence tool to visualize data through dashboards and reports.

Cloud AI

Cloud AutoML – Service to train and deploy custom machine, learning models. As of September 2018, the service is in Beta.
Cloud TPU – Accelerators used by Google to train machine learning models.
Cloud Machine Learning Engine – Managed service for training and building machine learning models based on mainstream frameworks.
Cloud Job Discovery – Service based on Google’s search and machine learning capabilities for the recruiting ecosystem.
Dialogflow Enterprise – Development environment based on Google’s machine learning for building conversational interfaces.
Cloud Natural Language – Text analysis service based on Google Deep Learning models.
Cloud Speech-to-Text – Speech to text conversion service based on machine learning.
Cloud Text-to-Speech – Text to speech conversion service based on machine learning.
Cloud Translation API – Service to dynamically translate between thousands of available language pairs
Cloud Vision API – Image analysis service based on machine learning
Cloud Video Intelligence – Video analysis service based on machine learning
Management Tools

Operations suite (formerly Stackdriver ) – Monitoring, logging, and diagnostics for applications on Google Cloud Platform and AWS.
Cloud Deployment Manager – Tool to deploy Google Cloud Platform resources defined in templates created in YAML, Python or Jinja2.
Cloud Console – Web interface to manage Google Cloud Platform resources.
Cloud Shell – Browser-based shell command-line access to manage Google Cloud Platform resources.
Cloud Console Mobile App – Android and iOS application to manage Google Cloud Platform resources.
Cloud APIs – APIs to programmatically access Google Cloud Platform resources
Identity & Security

Cloud Identity – Single sign-on (SSO) service based on SAML 2.0 and OpenID.
Cloud IAM – Identity & Access Management (IAM) service for defining policies based on role-based access control.
Cloud Identity-Aware Proxy – Service to control access to cloud applications running on Google Cloud Platform without using a VPN.
Cloud Data Loss Prevention API – Service to automatically discover, classify, and redact sensitive data.
Security Key Enforcement – Two-step verification service based on a security key.
Cloud Key Management Service – Cloud-hosted key management service integrated with IAM and audit logging.
Cloud Resource Manager – Service to manage resources by project, folder, and organization based on the hierarchy.
Cloud Security Command Center – Security and data risk platform for data and services running in Google Cloud Platform.
Cloud Security Scanner – Automated vulnerability scanning service for applications deployed in App Engine.
Access Transparency – Near real-time audit logs providing visibility to Google Cloud Platform administrators.
VPC Service Controls – Service to manage security perimeters for sensitive data in Google Cloud Platform services.

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